本质教育论坛

gmat sc 不是很理解eclipses in adverbial clause

conjunctions of time/ condition/ reason/concession +adj/doing/done are the correct forms of eclipses when we use adverbial clauses. the logical subject of the adj/doing/done is the subject of the verb it modifies. however, these conjunctions +n phrase/preposition phrase is wrong , except for once =n phrase/prep phrase or whatever +n phrase.

麻烦请讲解一下这句话。最好有例句。谢谢

1赞

People suffered psychologically from their parents’ divorce that happened when children.

Here "when children"是状语从句。既然是从句,里面应该有一句话,但是现在里面只有一个名词children,这就是状语成句的省略(ellipsis in adverbial clause)
正确的形式是adj(形容词),doing(现在分词)或者done(过去分词),而这里children是名词,因此是错误的,应该改为:

People suffered psychologically from their parents’ divorce that happened when they were children.

When watching TV yesterday, the drama shocked him.
这里“When watching TV yesterday”就是状语从句的省略,用了现在分词watching
“ the logical subject of the adj/doing/done is the subject of the verb it modifies”这句话的意思是状语从句是用来修饰主句谓语动词的,即这里的shocked。那么这个动词的主语,即the drama就是watching这个动作的发出者,即逻辑主语(logical subject)。而drama是不可能watching的,因此这句是错的,改为:
When watching TV yesterday, he was shocked by the drama.

我们的视频的第一道题就是讲解这个的,建议你反复观看。

2赞