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Reading Comprehension - Authentic Questions Passage 42

Re Passage 42 Question 2, would you please explain why the answer is D? I choose A.

Extract of the passage
In the fall of 1954, for example, C. Vann Woodward delivered a lecture series at the University of Virginia which challenged the prevailing dogma concerning the history, continuity, and uniformity of racial segregation in the South. He argued that the Jim Crow laws of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries not only codified traditional practice but also were a determined effort to erase the considerable progress made by Black people during and after Reconstruction in the 1870’s.

Question (2)
2.It can be inferred from the passage that the “prevailing dogma” (line 10) held that

(A) Jim Crow laws were passed to give legal status to well-established discriminatory practices in the South

(B) Jim Crow laws were passed to establish order and uniformity in the discriminatory practices of different southern states

© JimCrow laws were passed to erase the social gains that Black people had achieved since Reconstruction

(D) thecontinuity of racial segregation in the South was disrupted by passage of Jim Crow laws

(E) the Jim Crow laws of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were passed to reverse the effect of earlier Jim Crow laws

看了很久也不理解為什麼是D。:pray:t2:

我觉得你把整篇文章发出来吧,就这一句话我现在也推不出D

全文:
Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and experienced before it is studied, interpreted, and read. These latter activities have their own history, of course, which may impinge in unexpected ways on public events. It is difficult to predict when “new pasts” will overturn established historical interpretations and change the course of history.
In the fall of 1954, for example, C. Vann Woodward delivered a lecture series at the University of Virginia which challenged the prevailing dogma concerning the history, continuity, and uniformity of racial segregation in the South. He argued that the Jim Crow laws of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries not only codified traditional practice but also were a determined effort to erase the considerable progress made by Black people during and after Reconstruction in the 1870’s. This revisionist view of Jim Crow legislation grew in part from the research that Woodward had done for the NAACP legal campaign during its preparation for Brown v. Board of Education. The Supreme Court had issued its ruling in this epochal desegregation case a few months before Woodward’s lectures.
The lectures were soon published as a book, The Strange Career of Jim Crow. Ten years later, in a preface to the second revised edition, Woodward confessed with ironic modesty that the first edition “had begun to suffer under some of the handicaps that might be expected in a history of the American Revolution published in 1776.” That was a bit like hearing Thomas Paine apologize for the timing of his pamphlet Common Sense, which had a comparable impact. Although Common Sense also had a mass readership, Paine had intended to reach and inspire: he was not a historian, and thus not concerned with accuracy or the dangers of historical anachronism. Yet, like Paine, Woodward had an unerring sense of the revolutionary moment, and of how historical evidence could undermine the mythological tradition that was crushing the dreams of new social possibilities. Martin Luther King, Jr., testified to the profound effect of The Strange Career of Jim Crow on the civil rights movement by praising the book and quoting it frequently.

看了全文,这篇文章蛮难的。
了解了全文逻辑线后,的确,你一开始给出的那句话够了:
Woodward challenged the dogma: 所以Woodward的观点和Dogma是反的
Woodward的view: Jim Crow law codified the traditional practice - 这里应该理解traditional practice as “continuity and uniformity of racial segregation”。因此Woodward的观点是:Jim Crow law让continuity and uniformity of racial segregation合法化了。因此,dogma应该与之相反,即Jim Crow law阻碍了continuity and uniformity of racial segregation

我一开始没反应过来是没理解好“traditional practice"

所以第二條題目的問題是問作者認為 prevailing dogma 應該是怎樣,而不是本身prevailing dogma 帶有的含意?我有此疑問是因爲題目
It can be inferred from the passage that the “prevailing dogma” (line 10) held that…
所以我以爲是問本身”prevailing dogma” 帶有的含意而不是作者應為正確的”prevailing dogma”應該是怎樣。

你的理解没错呀,问的就是错误的dogma本来的含义,这个含义是和Woodward的观点是反的,正如我上面的回复

我終於弄明白了!糾纏了我兩三天😅
謝謝老師!!