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CR-OG2020-642提问

OG2020-642
In virtually any industry, technological improvements increase labor productivity, which is the output of goods and services per person-hour worked. In Parland’s industries, labor productivity is significantly higher than it is in Vergia’s industries. Clearly, therefore, Parland’s industries must, on the whole, be further advanced technologically than Vergia’s are.
The argument is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?
(A) It offers a conclusion that is no more than a paraphrase of one of the pieces of information provided in its support.
(B) It presents as evidence in support of a claim information that is inconsistent with other evidence presented in support of the same claim.
© It takes one possible cause of a condition to be the actual cause of that condition without considering any other possible causes.
(D) It takes a condition to be the effect of something that happened only after the condition already existed.
(E) It makes a distinction that presupposes the truth of the conclusion that is to be established.
提问:我知道这道题的逻辑错误是Hasty generalization,因此选C,但是D选项错误的点在哪里?原文的逻辑是不是可以总结为:
前提: 技术(因)——生产力(果)
结论:P生产力高——P比V技术好
是不是符合Causal argument的逻辑 formula: if B happened, A must have happened?

这题怎么会是Hasty generalization? generalization一般化,在哪里?
这是溯因推理
q(P’s productivity > V’s)
if p (P has more advanced tech) -> then q (P has higher productivity)

q is because of p

C->q就是削弱,因此为(C)选项。D说的意思是"After this, then because of this",原文没有强调任何时间上的先后关系。

这题说明你的泽宇阅读法还不到家,逻辑线还是没能读出来。逻辑线是十分清楚的,不要蒙,猜。这里哪里提到了gneralization?(特殊到一般,simple induction)完全没有。